Manufacturer: Sinphar Ltd., Taiwan|
Packaging: 10g vanishing cream in tube
Generic Nizoral cream contains the active ingredient ketoconazole which is an antifungal used to treat hair loss as well as skin infections with fungi and yeasts.
Ketoconazole kills fungi and yeasts by interfering with their cell membranes. It works by stopping the fungi from producing a substance called ergosterol, which is an essential component of fungal cell membranes. The disruption in production of ergosterol disrupts the fungal cell membrane, causing holes to appear in it.
The cell membranes of fungi are vital for their survival. They keep unwanted substances from entering the cells and stop the contents of the cells from leaking out. As ketoconazole causes holes to appear in the cell membranes, essential constituents of the fungal cells can leak out. This kills the fungi and treats the infection.
Ketoconazole cream may be prescribed to treat a number of different types of fungal and yeast infections. These include ringworm, athlete’s foot, jock itch, thrush infections of the skin and vagina (candidosis), and skin conditions that are caused by infection with the yeast Pityrosporum, such as seborrheic dermatitis and pityriasis versicolor.
To treat athlete’s foot the cream should be applied to the affected areas twice a day, usually for a week for mild cases. More severe or extensive cases may take longer to clear up.